Wednesday, 13 June 2012

CRIMEAN-CONGO HEMORRHAGIC FEVER - IRANحمى القرم النزفيه الكونغوليه

A ProMED-mail post
Date: Sun 10 Jun 2012
Source: Payvand Iran News, Radio Zamaneh report

Hyalomma marginatum
 Iranian media report that 7 people in the country have died after contracting Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF). Most victims of the viral disease have been identified in the eastern provinces, but reports indicate that the virus has been detected in 27 of Iran's 31 provinces.

The Mehr News Agency reports on Sunday [10 Jun 2012] that the head of the Pasteur Institute labs in Tehran announced that since the beginning of the Iranian year in March [2012], 29 people have
contracted Crimean Congo haemorrhagic fever and 7 of them have died from it. He confirmed that the virus has been identified in 27 provinces. The Mehr report adds that top Health Ministry officials
have so far confirmed that 2 deaths can be attributed to this disease.

Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is a severe viral disease communicated to humans through animals, especially ticks. The 1st signs are flu-like symptoms such as fever, aching muscles, dizziness, neck pain and stiffness, headaches, and soreness of eyes. It may also result in mood swings, depression, confusion, and aggression. Later symptoms are severe bleeding through the skin from a rash or internal bleeding that may lead to death.

Iranian health officials say last year [2011] there were 87 cases of CCHF infection, 15 of which were fatal, and in the previous year, 154 cases were reported and 26 deaths. In recent weeks, after the presence of CCHF was confirmed in Iran's eastern provinces, some cases were also reported in Tehran, with 2 of them turning critical. Despite the reports, health officials stressed that Tehran was not facing an outbreak of CCHF, and the cases reported in the capital had been transferred from other cities for treatment.

Infected livestock entering the country through eastern borders is said to be the main cause of the CCHF outbreak, and spraying them has been suggested as an effective way of halting the spread. Suggested ways to stop the contagion include using gloves when handling meat and keeping meat in a freezer for 48 hours before consumption.

CCHF has no cure, but treatment of the symptoms usually leads to the patient's recovery. The World Health Organization puts the disease's mortality rate at 30 per cent.

Kurdistan Food Security

Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is caused by infection with a tick-borne virus (Nairovirus) in the family Bunyaviridae. The disease was first characterized in the Crimea in 1944 and given the name Crimean hemorrhagic fever. It was then later recognized in 1969 as the cause of illness in the Congo, thus resulting in the current name of the disease.
حمى القرم النزفيه الكونغوليه
مرض فيروسي خطير يصيب الإنسان مسبباً الحمى وأعراض نزفيه شديدة قد تنتهي بالوفاة ، ويصيب الأغنام والأبقار والجواميس والماعز والخيول وأنواع أخرى من الحيوانات وينتقل منها إلى الإنسان عن طريق القراد ، ولا يسبب هذا الفيروس أعراضاً سريرية معينة في الحيوانات ولكنه قد يحدث أعراضاً خفيفة في الأغنام والماعز ، أي أن هذه الحيوانات تلعب دور الخازن للمرض فقط إضافة إلى الأرانب والقنافذ

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